what does fob shipping point mean: Free On Board FOB Shipping: Meaning, Incoterms & Pricing


Investopedia requires writers to use primary sources to supwhat does fob shipping point mean their work. These include white papers, government data, original reporting, and interviews with industry experts. We also reference original research from other reputable publishers where appropriate. You can learn more about the standards we follow in producing accurate, unbiased content in oureditorial policy. Since there is more than one set of rules, and legal definitions of FOB may differ from one country to another, the parties to a contract must indicate which governing laws are being used for a shipment.


International Shipping Terms and Why FOB is so DEADLY – Lexology

International Shipping Terms and Why FOB is so DEADLY.

Posted: Sun, 14 Aug 2022 07:00:00 GMT [source]

For example, if you’re importing high-value items like electronics or jewelry, DDP may not be an ideal option because it can leave you with large customs duties to pay when you cross borders. If ‘FOB Destination, freight collect’ is specified, it means that the buyer is the one to pay for the freight. Freight shipping has been a fundamental part of the global economy. More and more small businesses are now relying on freight to transport their goods from one region to another. Free on Board is to make it easier for shippers and carriers to understand who is responsible in the event that goods are damaged during transit. If there are any damages to the cargo enroute, the buyer needs to take relevant measures like filing for reimbursement claims.

The terms of the agreement are to deliver the goods FOB shipping point. The buyer still pays additional fees like customs clearance, however. Cost, Insurance, Freight puts the liability of payment for – you guessed it – cost, insurance, and freight on the supplier. Once the delivery is unloaded in the receiving country, responsibility is transferred to you.

What is FOB Shipping Point?

The seller fulfills all obligations up until the goods are placed at the buyer’s disposal at their premises. This includes loading goods onto the vehicle that will deliver them to the purchaser’s premises. It doesn’t include any obligation on behalf of the seller to load goods onto a carrier or even to provide them with transport over public roads.

ocean freight

The goods were never delivered to XYZ, so Dell, in this case, is fully liable for the computer damages and would have to file a claim with its insurance company. Free on Board is one of the commonly used shipping terms, which means that the legal title to the goods remains with the Supplier until the goods reach the buyer’s location. Terms indicating that the buyer must pay to get the goods delivered. (The buyer will record freight-in and the seller will not have any delivery expense.) With terms of FOB shipping point the title to the goods usually passes to the buyer at the shipping point.

Who Pays Freight for FOB Origin?

For instance, Company B in the Philippines buys medical equipment from Taiwan and signs an FOB destination agreement. Let us say that the medical equipment didn’t arrive at the Company B’s specified address because of any reason. The supplier from Taiwan will be liable to process reimbursement or replacement for the undelivered medical equipment.

Company A puts the goods onto a common carrier on December 30, and the same arrives at the buyer’s location on January 2. Transfer of ownership occurs when the goods have been delivered to the buyer . Unlike FOB shipping, the supplier is not required to ensure the safe movement from port to ship. If anything happens to the goods on any leg of the journey to the buyer, the supplier assumes all responsibility.


Under the https://1investing.in/ destination, the seller completes the sale in their records only when the goods arrive at the receiving dock. The FOB shipping point means the buyer is responsible for the products they ordered once the seller ships the items. Basically, the buyer takes complete control over the delivery once a freight carrier picks the goods. The purchased pays the freight costs and is responsible for damages. The seller charges buyers for the shipping charges in the invoice. However, the seller also manages the safe delivery of the shipment to its destination.

Still, the buyer, if the buyer is a business, would notify them as inventory. For example, if a shipment is damaged in transit on its way to the buyer, it’s the buyer who has to file a claim to get their money back. With an automated system, the work can be done more quickly and accurately.

However, a supplier is responsible for the goods until they get on the ship. Once it ships out, all responsibility for the goods is transferred to the buyer. Cost and freight obligates a seller to arrange sea transportation and provide the buyer the needed documents to retrieve the goods upon arrival. “FOB Origin” means the buyer assumes all risk once the seller ships the product. Typically, the seller has no obligation to the buyer for insurance.

FOB Incoterms & More

But new buyers have little experience and knowledge about trading, and they might end up with problems that can cause them penalties and charges. Why is FOB better than other terms, and why you should choose FOB in shipping? You can read about the significant difference between FOB and other methods in this chapter. First, your goods will be transferred onto the container, and the container will be lifted and positioned in place it on the vessel via a crane. Some suppliers may have factories in another area, far from their local offices. FOB price is the quotation from the supplier under the law, FOB incoterm.

Ex Works (EXW) vs. Free on Board (FOB): What’s the Difference? – Investopedia

Ex Works (EXW) vs. Free on Board (FOB): What’s the Difference?.

Posted: Sat, 25 Mar 2017 17:58:17 GMT [source]

As soon as the seller brings the goods to the point of shipment, the legal title of those goods passes to the buyer and the seller is no longer responsible for the goods during delivery. If the carrier damages the package, the buyer can’t come after the seller because the title has already transferred. The seller’s only responsibility is to bring the package to the loading dock or delivery truck. Put simply, it means that a buyer of goods takes delivery of their order after they’ve left the supplier’s shipping premises. When a shipment is “FOB” to the seller’s location, as soon as that shipment leaves the seller’s premises or storage warehouse, the seller can mark and record that sale as being complete.

If it’s prepaid, the seller pays for shipping; if it’s collect, the buyer does. This shouldn’t be a last-minute surprise – buyer and seller usually work it out in purchase negotiations. Whether you are shipping through sea freight under FOB terms, you need to pay for the transportation of your goods from the origin country to the destination country. Insurance costs are not included in the FOB price of the supplier. However, marine insurance can be negotiated between the buyer and seller, according to incoterms regulations. It is the seller’s responsibility to pay for the fee of the original bill of lading if there is any.

The primary difference between the two contracts is in the timing of the transfer of the title for the goods. Depending upon the type of “free on board”, businesses either can or can’t record a sale until the terms of the agreement have been fulfilled. Upon initiating a delivery with the FOB shipping point, the seller will proceed to account for it by recording it under sales.

The Correct Way to Write FOB Terms

Businesses use it when there are transactions across international borders. The primary difference between the two is the ownership of the shipment when it is in transit. In the FOB shipping point, when the buyer gets the responsibility of the goods from the buyer, they can make an entry in their inventory list. The seller can also record a sale in their accounts when they transfer the ownership to the buyer. The seller holds a complete charge over the shipment when it is in transit and needs to ensure its safe delivery. A company working in London may order office supplies from a Germany-based vendor.


In free on board incoterms, the warehouse for the seller means the place of goods maintained by the seller to carry out the export procedure. In FOB, the seller is responsible from the point of origin i.e. maintaining goods and transporting them till the delivery point. We suggest this because FOB will offer low unit pricing for the cargo sold while also allowing the seller to take partial responsibility for the freight for as long as it remains within their country.

  • Then, when the item arrives—and providing it’s not damaged and is precisely what the buyer ordered—the buyer can then accept the item.
  • Freight shipping has been a fundamental part of the global economy.
  • It is important to note that FOB does not define the ownership of the cargo, only who has the shipping cost responsibility.

This can lead to some confusion while trading internationally because some of the incoterms terms are also used in UCC, but they have a different meaning. This is why awareness of both laws is essential for U.S. shippers. Most purchasers don’t know about certain laws, and they see it as a challenge to pass export customs. Under FOB, the buyer doesn’t have to worry about the legislation of the origin country. They are free of the worries of logistic and customs laws in the country of origin. When the buyer wants to control everything in the procedure, they can choose the EXW method.

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